A tear in the shoulder joint’s fibrous ring of tissue is called a Glenoid labrum tear.
Usually caused by falling on the outstretched arms and repetitive movements like the lifting, catching or overhead throwing of heavy objects, a Glenoid labrum tear is marked by general pain, weakness and instability that’s difficult to trace to a specific point on the shoulder but makes the shoulder’s front section tender. Putting the arm behind the back, overhead activities and bending the elbow all lead to increased pain.
Superior And Inferior Glenoid Labrum Tears
Glenoid labrum tears can be classified as superior or inferior. When the tear is neat the glenoid socket’s top, it is classified as superior. Tears near the lower section of the glenoid socket are classified as inferior. A superior Glenoid labrum injury is also called a SLAP lesion and can sometimes involve the biceps tendon. When the tears occur in the lower part of the glenoid socket it is referred to as a Bankart lesion and can affect the inferior glenohumeral ligament. Glenoid labrum tears often happen with the person suffers a dislocated shoulder and other shoulder injuries.
Treating Glenoid Labrum Tears
The most common type of treatment for Glenoid labrum tears is rest and the application of cold therapy which can reduce pain and inflammation. Doctors also prescribe ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as long as the patient doesn’t have asthma. To restore full function to the Glenoid labrum, a long and gradual rehabilitation program is required. If rest and rehabilitation is not successful, the labrum may require surgery to re-attach it to the glenoid. The injury that contributed to the Glenoid labrum tear and shoulder instability should as be addressed at the same time.
Healing The Injury
When the surgery is completed, the shoulder commonly is supported for 3 to 4 weeks by a sling. Although sports specific training can resume after about 6 weeks, it may take 3 to 4 months to return to full fitness.