The reason you have movement in your hips and shoulders is due to a type of ball and socket.
A cartilage ring called your labrum makes certain your bone remains in the socket to ensure motion. A labral tear is damage to your labrum in either your hip or shoulder. You can tear the labral in your shoulder through repetitive motion, dislocating or fracturing your shoulder or simple overuse. You can tear the labial in your hip due to a combination of external force and specific hip positions.
Labral tears occur most frequently for athletes due to the repetitive motions required for playing tennis, baseball and golf. If you tear your labral, your physician will most likely recommend non-surgical treatments to manage your symptoms. Numerous individual are able to decrease inflammation and manage their pain by purchasing anti-inflammatory drugs such as Advil and Motrin. If your pain is severe, your doctor may inject medication including steroids to decrease your pain level.
There are exercises a physical therapist can teach you to help strengthen and stretch your muscles. In many instances, the result is a decrease in pain. You will most likely need to have your physician write a prescription to be able to obtain physical therapy. If there is no improvement in your symptoms or your tear is considered severe, you may need to have minimally invasive surgery. Surgery is performed with miniature instruments to make specific repairs to your labral.
In some cases, a torn labral can be stitched back together. If the damage to your tissue is too severe, your physician may obtain healthy tissue from a donor or another part of your body. The tissue is used to reconstruct the damaged area. Your physician may also recommend removing a little piece of your damaged labral tissue.