The muscles that bend (flex) the fingers are called flexor muscles. These flexor muscles move the fingers through cord-like extensions called tendons, which connect the muscles to bone. The flexor muscles start at the elbow and forearm regions, turn into tendons just past the middle of the forearm, and attach to the bones of the Read More »
A surgical technique where a joint is rendered stiff in order to eliminate pain and restore stability. Certain joints, such as the distal interphalangeal and wrist, are best suited for arthrodesis, whereas others are indicated for arthroplasty (replacement) such as elbow and shoulder.
Fractures often take place in the hand. A fracture may cause pain, stiffness, and loss of movement. Some fractures will cause an obvious deformity, such as a crooked finger, but many fractures do not. Because of the close relationship of bones to ligaments and tendons, the hand may be stiff and weak after the fracture Read More »
Hand infections can cause severe problems that persist even after the infection has resolved Those problems can be stiffness, loss of strength, and even loss of tissues such as skin, nerve and even bone. Thus early and aggressive treatment of hand infections is essential. When seen early, some infections can be treated with antibiotics, local Read More »
A Jersey finger is an injury to an FDP tendon at its point of attachment to the distal phalanx. This injury often occurs in American football when a player grabs another player’s jersey with the tips of one or more fingers while that player is pulling or running away. The force of this action hyperextends Read More »
A mallet injury often affects the ring or small finger on the dominant hand Traumatic injury where terminal extensor tendon of finger ruptures or pulls of small bone fragment leading to inability to extend (straighten) last joint (distal interphalangeal) of finger.
Often resulting in pain in the forearm and hand It may not be Carpal Tunnel syndrome (CTS). Although carpal tunnel syndrome is common, it is not the only cause of numbness, tingling, and pain in the forearm and hand. Most of the lay public and some of the medical community are not aware of other Read More »
Osteochondritis dissecans is a medical condition caused by bone under cartilage dying from lack of blood circulation. Bone particles can dislodge to cause pain with joint movement. It can occur from an injury or months of high-impact activities. The condition can affect any joints on the body. Symptoms may include swelling or tenderness around the Read More »
A sprain is an injury to a ligament. Ligaments are the connective tissues that connect bones to bones across a joint. These types of injuries are common in sports and falls. The thumb is jammed into another player, the ground, or the ball. The thumb may be bent in an extreme position, causing a sprain. Read More »
Trigger finger, trigger thumb, or trigger digit This is a common disorder of later adulthood characterized by catching, snapping or locking of the involved finger flexor tendon, associated with dysfunction and pain. A disparity in size between the flexor tendon and the surrounding retinacular pulley system, most commonly at the level of the first annular Read More »